John VI Kantakouzenos
- Emperor from 1347-1354 and historian. His name is synonymous with two civil wars. The first (1321-1328) was against Andronikos II (q.v.) and put Andronikos III (q.v.) on the throne. John and his fellow conspirators, including the unscrupulous Syrgiannes Palaiologos, were amply rewarded, and John became the real power behind the throne. The second civil war (1341-1347) made John emperor, along with nominal emperor John V (q.v.). In 1349 John used Ottoman (q.v.) troops to force his way into Thessalonike (q.v.) to end the revolt of the Zealots (q.v.). Further use of the Ottomans introduced Orhan (q.v.) and his son Suleyman Pasha to Europe, where they established (1352) a base at Gallipoli (q.v.). Defeated in 1354 by John V, Kantakouzenos entered a monastery where he composed a history of his times in the form of a personal memoir (the Histories), covering the years 13201356. Despite his attempt in this work to justify his actions, it is hard to disassociate his name from the civil wars that weakened Byzantium (q.v.), opening it to further Ottoman expansion.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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John VI Kantakouzenos — Infobox Monarch name =John VI Kantakouzenos Polytonic|Ίωάννης ΣΤ΄ Καντακουζηνός title =Emperor of the Byzantine Empire caption =John VI presiding over a synod reign =1347 – 1353 with John V Palaiologos and his son, Matthew Kantakouzenos, from… … Wikipedia
John VI — may refer to: * Pope John VI, Pope from 701 to his death in 705 * Ecumenical Patriarch John VI of Constantinople, Patriarch from 712 to 715 * John VI of Naples, Duke from c. 1097 to c. 1120 * John VI Kantakouzenos (1292–1383), Byzantine Emperor… … Wikipedia
John V Palaiologos — Infobox Monarch name =John V Palaiologos Polytonic|Ίωάννης E΄ Παλαιολόγος title =Emperor of the Byzantine Empire caption = reign =1341 – 1376 (with John VI Kantakouzenos in 1347 – 1354 and Matthew Kantakouzenos in 1353 – 1357) 1379 – 1390 1390 –… … Wikipedia
John VIII Palaiologos — Infobox Monarch name =John VIII Palaiologos title =Emperor of the Byzantine Empire reign =1425 – 1448 predecessor =Manuel II Palaiologos successor =Constantine XI Palaiologos spouse 1 =Anna of Moscow spouse 2 =Sophia of Montferrat spouse 3… … Wikipedia
John Doukas — or Ducas (Greek: Ιωάννης Δούκας, Iōannēs Doukas ), (c. 1126 ndash; c. 1200) was the eldest sonFact|date=January 2008 of Constantine Angelos by Theodora Komnene, the seventh child of the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina,… … Wikipedia
John V Palaiologos — Emperor (q.v.) from 1341 1391. In the early part of his long reign Byzantium (q.v.) was torn apart by two major civil wars (1341 1347 and 1352 1354) with John Kantakouzenos (q.v.). The Black Death ravaged the empire in 1348, and Venice and… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Matthew Kantakouzenos — or Cantacuzenus (Greek: Ματθαίος Ασάνης Καντακουζηνός, Matthaios Asanēs Kantakouzēnos, c. 1325–1383 or 1391) was Byzantine Emperor from 1353 to 1357. Life Matthew Asanes Kantakouzenos was the son of Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos and Irene Asanina … Wikipedia
Manuel Kantakouzenos — See also: Manuel Kantakouzenos (usurper) Manuel Kantakouzenos (or Cantacuzenus) (Greek: Μανουήλ Καντακουζηνός, Manouēl Kantakouzēnos), (c. 1326 – Mistra, Peloponnese, April 10, 1380). Despotēs in the Despotate of Morea or the Peloponnese from… … Wikipedia
Matthew I Kantakouzenos — Co emperor with John V (q.v.) from 1353 1357; eldest son of John VI Kantakouzenos (q.v.). His career illustrates the internal strife that weakened the Byzantine state during the mid 14th century. Matthew emerged from the civil war of 1341 1347 … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Emperor John — (or Ioannes, Ioann, Ivan, et cetera), might refer to:* John I Tzimiskes, Byzantine emperor * John II Komnenos, Byzantine emperor * John III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine emperor * John IV Laskaris, Byzantine emperor * John V Palaiologos, Byzantine… … Wikipedia